Bicycle Blueprint       Transportation Alternatives Bicycle Blueprint:
Table of Contents
• Introduction
• NYC Cycling
• Riding Infrastructure
• Security
• On the Job Cycling
• Reducing Risks
• Bicycle Eduction
• Appendices


Original Authors' Preface, 1993
Foreword by J.C. McCullagh
Credits and Acknowledgements
About the Authors
About Transportation Alternatives

NYC Cycling

CHAPTER 1: Integrating NYC's Bicycle Policy
a) How to Read the Blueprint
b) The Importance of Integrated Bicycle Planning
c) The Practice of Integrated Bicycle Planning
d) Bicycle Planning in North America
e) Bicycle Planning in New York City
f) The New Transportation Planning Environment
g) The Benefit-Cost Advantage of Bicycling for New York City
h) Chapter 1 Recommendations

CHAPTER 2: State of Cycling in New York City
a) State of Cycling in New York City
b) Current Ridership
c) Would-Be Ridership
d) Public Perception of Cycling
e) Cyling's Untapped Potential
Table 2: Interest in Bike Commuting According to Trip Distance

CHAPTER 3: Cyclists and City Streets
a) Where Do Bikes Fit In?
b) No Room on the Street
c) The Rule Books
d) Why Cyclists Do What They Do
e) Making the Streets Safer
f) Conclusion and Recommendations

FEATURE:  “A Bike and a Prayer

Riding Infrastructure

CHAPTER 4: Street Design
a) Street Design
b) Bike Lanes in NYC
c) Working Bike Lane Systems 
d) Bike Lanes for New York City
e) Elements of a NYC Bicycle Lane System
f) Side Streets and Residential Areas — The Need for Traffic Calming
g) Chapter 4 Recommendations
Sidebar: The Lanes That Failed
Figure 4a) Riding Infrastructure
Figure 4b) Suggested Bike Lane Configurations

CHAPTER 5: Bridges
a) A City of Bridges
b) Status of NYC Bridges
c) Bikeable Bridges in Good Condition
d) Usable Bridges with Stairway Obstacles
e) Bikeable With Difficulty
f) Not Currently Bikeable
g) Small and Midsized Bridges
h) Security and Lighting
i) Chapter 5 Recommendations

CHAPTER 6: Road Surfaces
a) A Bumpy Ride
b) Pressures on the Street
c) Chapter 6 Recommendations

CHAPTER 7: Greenways
a) Urban Oases
b) Paths for People
c) The Greenway Movement
d) History
e) New Opportunities
f) A Model Greenway
g) Making Greenways
h) Greenway Corridors
i) Chapter 7 Recommendations
Figure 7: Map of the Greenway System of New York City

CHAPTER 8: Parks
a) Cars in Parks
b) Cars Out of Parks
c) The First Auto-Free Parks Movement
d) The Environment
e) Safety
f) Other Parks
g) Chapter 8 Recommendations
Sidebar: The 15-Mile-Per-Hour Cycling Speed Limit

CHAPTER 9: Bicycles and Transit
a) Bicycles and Mass Transit
b) Rail-Station Bicycle Parking
c) Europe and Japan
d) United States and New York
e) Bicycle Parking Costs
f) Station Parking Conditions in the New York Area
g) Ride-and-Bike
h) Bicycles on Transit Vehicles
i) New York City Transit Authority
j) Bus Access
k) Ferries
l) Chapter 9 Recommendations

CHAPTER 10: Reducing Traffic
a) A Failed Traffic Policy
b) The Toll Traffic Takes
c) A Real Traffic Solution
d) Benefits of Reduced Motor Traffic
e) A City Made for Biking
f) Chapter 10 Recommendations


CHAPTER 11: Bicycle Theft
a) A Major Deterrent to Cycling
b) Arms Race
c) Police Apathy
d) Chapter 11 Recommendations

CHAPTER 12: On-Street Parking
a) The Need for Bicycle Parking Facilities
b) Different Types of Bicycle Parking
c) Bicycle Racks
d) Chapter 12 Recommendations

CHAPTER 13: Indoor Parking
a) Why Indoor Access
b) Gaining Indoor Bicycle Access
c) Creating Indoor Bicycle Parking
d) Garage Parking
e) Mandatory Building Access
f) Chapter 13 Recommendations
Sidebar: Bicycle Lockers
Figure 13: Demonstrations of Bike Parking

On the Job Cycling

CHAPTER 14: Bicycle Messengers
a) A Vital Service
b) A Negative Reputation
c) History of the Messenger Industry
d) Profile of Messengers
e) Messenger Behavior
f) Food Delivery Bicycles
g) Chapter 14 Recommendations

FEATURE:  “Fifth, Park and Madison

CHAPTER 15: Freight Cycles
a) Efficient Deliveries
b) Working Models in NYC
c) Additional Uses for Freight Cycles
d) Hauling Household Gear | Freight and Asian Pedal Power
e) Chapter 15 Recommendations
Figure 15: Center for Appropriate Transport

CHAPTER 16: Governmental Cycling
a) New York City's Fleet
b) Street Cut Inspectors and Traffic Enforcement Agents
c) Police on Bicycles
d) Department of Parks and Sanitation
e) Free Bikes for Employees
f) Chapter 16 Recommendations

Reducing Risks

CHAPTER 17: Accidents
a) Perceptions and Reality
b) Accident Statistics
c) Cyclist/Pedestrian Accidents
d) Motor Vehicle Collisions
e) Helmet Laws
f) Chapter 17 Recommendations
Table 17: Collisions and Fatalities in NYC Traffic Accidents

FEATURE:  “Three Who Died

CHAPTER 18: Air Pollution
a) Bad Air
b) Pollutants and Damage They Do
c) Pollution Control: Too Little, Too Late
d) The Bicycle Solution
e) Trial of the QB6: The Fight for Clean Air in NYC
f) Chapter 18 Recommendations
Table 18: Know Your Poisons: N.Y.C. Pollution Scorecard
Sidebar: Clean-Air Legislation

Bicycle Education

CHAPTER 19: Schools
a) Teaching Kids to Ride
b) Available Programs
c) The Bicycle Rodeo
d) Bike Streets
e) Chapter 19 Recommendations, Suggested Publications
Figure 19: Find the Twelve Hazards

CHAPTER 20: Public Education
a) Make Room for Bicycles
b) Raising the Consciousness of Street Users
c) Bicycle Training Programs
d) Pedestrian Awareness
e) Additional City and State Initiatives
f) Chapter 20 Recommendations


APPENDIX A. Immediate Steps to Increase Bicycling in New York City
APPENDIX B. Bicycling Levels in New York City
• Table 1: Bicycles Account for 8.6% of Midtown Avenue Traffic, 1988-1992
• Table 2: Daily Bicycle Trips in New York City
APPENDIX C. Auto-Free NY 4-Year Plan
• Table 3: Elements of the Auto-Free NY 4-Year Plan